What is overpronation of the foot?

Overpronation is a word that produces a great deal of angst among podiatrists and running shoe retailers as it causes a whole lot of confusion and debate. Pronation is actually a movement of the foot where the ankle rolls inwards and the arch of the foot collapses. This is the normal healthy movement that is important for normal foot biomechanics and shock reduction. Overpronation is said to be the term helpful to identify when there is too much of this normal pronation. The first part in the debate is precisely what is normal and what's abnormal and where may be the threshold of the division between normal pronation and overpronation. You will find formidable views on every side of this discussion and there doesn't appear to be any resolution in the controversy in the near future.

The reason the topic generates a whole lot of discussion is that overpronation has been regarded as a primary aspect in overuse injuries in runners. Podiatric doctors commonly use foot supports to deal with the problem and running shoe producers make running shoes to help runners who have the problem. This signifies there is lots of vested interest in this. The problem arises is that the research evidence demonstrates that, yes, overpronation overpronation is often a risk factor for a running injury, but it is not really a large risk factor. It's even more complex by a lot of athletes that have really severe overpronation and never develop any issues and never need foot orthotics or running shoes with the motion control design features. That does not help fix the debate nor help clinicians make choices re foot orthotics and for running footwear sellers on advice as to what needs to be the appropriate running shoe. It really is dependant on clinicians and running shoe retailer’s individual experience and expertise and making decisions in the perspective of what exactly is suitable for the individual runner.