Stormwater management refers to the control of stormwater to minimize the negative effects of large stormwater runoff. With proper stormwater pollution prevention programs it is easy to manage stormwater.
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What is stormwater?
Stormwater is water that results from atmospheric precipitation (e.g. rain, snow, sleet, hail, graupel). Stormwater that isn't absorbed by the ground becomes stormwater or surface runoff. This stormwater will eventually find its way into storm drains and surface waterways, and then will empty to surface waters such as rivers and lakes.
Stormwater is a reason to be concerned
We create and construct impervious surfaces, such as roofs, driveways, and parking lots. These impervious surfaces, such as roofs, driveways, and parking lots, prevent stormwater from spreading evenly over the ground. This will increase stormwater runoff and the potential for pollutants to be carried by the surface it passes through.
What are the dangers associated with stormwater?
1. Stormwater pollutants and surface runoff can cause adverse effects on wildlife and water quality.
2. Stormwater volume increases can lead to erosion of stream banks and hillsides.
3. Other than the pollutants mentioned stormwater and surface runoff can carry debris away from storm drains. This can cause flooding and clog storm drains.
How can we prevent massive stormwater runoff and surface runoff from causing serious damage?
Residential stormwater management can reduce the negative effects of stormwater and surface runoff by implementing BMPs (Best Management Procedures) and ensuring that they are implemented effectively and efficiently. BMPs refer to the structural or engineered control devices or systems that are used to treat stormwater pollution. They also include the operational or procedural procedures that are used in reversing or preventing stormwater runoff.